The Islamic Movement in Nigeria has again carpeted President Muhammadu Buhari for failing to release its leader, Sheikh El-Zakzaky, three years after Justice Gabriel Kolawole of the Abuja Division of the Federal High Court directed the Federal Government to free the Shi’ite leader and his wife, Zennah, from custody.
Ruling in the suit filed on their behalf by Mr Femi Falana (SAN) on December 3,2016, Kolawole had held that the continued detention of the couple violated their rights under Section 35 (1) of the Nigerian Constitution and the provisions of the African Charter on Human and Peoples Rights.
Consequently, he ordered the release of the ailing Sheikh and his wife within 45 days of the judgment and ordered the Federal Government to pay to them N50 million in damages.
“Failure to obey that judgment by President Muhammadu Buhari three years on and counting, makes it one of the worst violations of the rule of law and a monumental abuse of the rights of the couple,” IMN spokesman, Ibrahim Musa, said in a statement on Monday.
It said Buhari’s disregard for court orders was legendary, pointing out that his administration had disobeyed over 40 court orders.
The group stated, “This stunning disregard for the rule of law and human rights does not come to the Islamic Movement as a great surprise because Buhari’s utter disregard for court judgments is legendary, and statistics have it that he has disregarded courts on at least 40 occasions since the inception of his government.
“In the case of Sheikh Zakzaky, the government has at various times proffered different contradictory reasons for its flagrant contempt of court.”
Stressing that it would not stop demanding the release of its leader and his wife, the sect said Justice Kolawole had warned the government against the danger of keeping El-Zakzaky in custody for long.
The statement read in part, “The judge had warned the government in that judgment that holding the Sheikh for so long amounted to great danger, insisting that ‘If the applicant dies in custody, which I do not pray for, it could result in many needless deaths.’
“However, Buhari has stubbornly kept deaf ears to that and contemptuously continued to detain them.”
When contacted on the telephone, a human rights lawyer, Mr Femi Falana (SAN), said he had a list of about 50 cases whereby orders were given by courts but disobeyed by government agencies.
Falana told The PUNCH that disobedience to court orders was not good for the image of the country even in the area of business because foreign companies were usually wary of investing in jurisdictions where court orders were flouted.
The senior advocate further stated that damages were never paid to those who won in court.
He added, “I have compiled up to 50 of such cases of disobedience to court orders. Another area that people don’t look at is that in cases where damages are awarded for illegal detention and arrests or killings, those damages are never paid. They are at best psychological victories.
“There is an archaic law in Section 84 of the Sheriff and Civil Process Act that requires judgment creditors to apply for the leave of the attorney-general before enforcement of judgment or Garnishee.
“Such leave is never granted. A recent Supreme Court decision however says if the AGF is a party to the case, such leave is not needed. But as things are right now, if the police, DSS and EFCC are sued and damages are awarded, monies are never paid. Such debt judgments run into billions of naira.
“This is apart from the general disobedience to court orders which has been institutionalised.”
Also, the Nigerian Bar Association described Buhari administration’s penchant for disobeying court orders as legendary.
It said the development painted a dangerous picture of Nigeria to foreign investors and the international community in general as a country not to be taken seriously.
Responding to The PUNCH’s request for the NBA’s reaction to the ugly trend, the association, through its National Publicity Secretary, Mr. Kunle Edun, said the Attorney-General of the Federation and Minister of Justice, Mr. Abubakar Malami (SAN), who is the chief law officer of the country, ought to be disturbed by it.
The association cited some instances of the government’s demonstratioon of attitude of disobedience to court orders with impunity.
According to the NBA, they included the the cases of the continued detention of the likes of SaharaReporters publisher, Omoyele Sowore; his co-detainee, Adebayo Bakare; the immediate past National Security Adviser, Sambo Dasuki; and El-Zakzaky, with his wife, despite series of court orders issued for their release.
Edun said, “The disobedience of court orders by the present administration of the Federal government is legendary.
“This is not good for our polity. The judiciary remains the only arm of government that can guarantee the rule of law in this country. Court orders are now disobeyed by the Fedral Government with impunity. Col. Dasuki, El Zakzaky, Omoyele Sowore and many others that have been granted bail are still in the custody of security agencies that report to the Presidency.
“This sends a very dangerous signal to foreign investors and the international community, that Nigeria is not a country to be taken seriously; that investors cannot be guaranteed of their investment should dispute arise.
“It is rather shameful that it had to take a foreign court to compel the Federal government to comply with a judgment entered in relation to the P & ID case.
“The Federal Government does not respect Nigerian courts and the Attorney General of the Federation who is the chief law officer and legal adviser to the Federal Government ought to be very concerned.”
Eniola Akinkutou, Adelani Adepegba and Ade Adesomoju
World Bank to FG: Reform now to stop further slide into extreme poverty
The World Bank has said the number of Nigerians living in extreme poverty may increase by more than 30 million by 2030 and the country will be home to 25 per cent of the world’s destitute people if the government fails to revive economic growth and create jobs.
It warned that the country could slide back into recession if crude prices fell by 25 per cent to $50 a barrel.
The international oil benchmark, Brent crude, traded around $61 per barrel on Monday.
The bank gave the warning in its 2019 Nigeria Economic Update Report, which was released on Monday.
It said, “Economic and demographic projections highlight the urgent need for reform.
“With population growth (estimated at 2.6 per cent) outpacing economic growth in a context of weak job creation, per capita income is falling. Today, an estimated 100 million Nigerians live on less than $1.90 per day.
“Close to 80 per cent of poor households are in northern Nigeria, while employment creation and income gains have been concentrated on central and southern Nigeria.”
According to the report, Nigeria’s economy is expected to grow by 2.1 per cent in 2020 and 2021, compared to an annual population growth rate of 2.6 per cent.
It noted that Nigeria’s economy was recovering gradually from the 2016 recession, with growth projected to pick up from 1.9 per cent in 2018 to two per cent in 2019.
The World Bank, however, warned that the projected growth outlook “is vulnerable to external and domestic risks, including geopolitical and trade tensions that may affect inflows of private investment.
“Nigeria has the opportunity to advance reforms to mitigate these risks amid growing public demand for greater economic opportunities,” it said.
The World Bank urged President Muhammadu Buhari to increase domestic revenue, remove trade restrictions and improve the predictability of economic policy.
It also advised the Nigerian government to remove expensive fuel subsidies and reduce lending to targeted sectors “that crowd out banks.”
Failure to take actions would see more Nigerians falling into extreme poverty, the bank warned.
“The cost of inaction is significant. Under a business-as-usual scenario, where Nigeria maintains the current pace of growth and employment levels, by 2030, the number of Nigerians living in extreme poverty could increase by more than 30 million,” the bank said.
About 50 per cent of Nigeria’s almost 200 million people live in poverty, according to the World Bank.
Last year, Nigeria overtook India as the country with the highest number of people in extreme poverty.
A report by the Brookings Institution said data from the World Poverty Clock showed that Nigeria had over 87 million people living in poverty.
The World Bank report, titled ‘Jumpstarting Inclusive Growth: Unlocking the Productive Potential of Nigeria’s People and Resource Endowments’, showed that Nigeria created about 450,000 new (net) jobs in 2018, partially offsetting the loss of 700,000 jobs in the previous year.
“Nigeria’s labour force is growing rapidly, and in 2018, over five million Nigerians entered the labour market, resulting in 4.9 million more unemployed people in the last year,” it said.
The report stated that “positive news are emerging from some states that are creating enough jobs to keep up with the growth of their labour forces.”
It said, “In the year following the recession (between the first quarter of 2017 and the first quarter of 2018), 10 states saw some positive job creation, but the number of new jobs was not enough to absorb the new entrants into the labour force.
“The situation improved by the third quarter of 2018, as four states (Lagos, Rivers, Enugu, and Ondo) created more jobs than the entrants to the labour market, and as a result, these states reduced unemployment.”
According to the report, the signing of the Africa Continental Free Trade Area agreement shows that Nigeria is now more willing to become a driver of continental growth and integration.
The World Bank Country Director for Nigeria, Shubham Chaudhuri, said, “Reforms would help achieve faster, more inclusive, and sustained growth with jobs.
“Building on recent efforts, going forward, we recommend actions in priority areas, such as increasing fiscal revenues and improving the quality of spending to manage oil-sector volatility, investing in much-needed human capital and infrastructure, and improving the business climate to unlock private investment and tackle Nigeria’s jobs challenge.
“Investing in people and removing barriers that make it difficult for new firms to compete and grow will encourage entrepreneurship and innovation, spur job growth, and ultimately reduce poverty.”
The Managing Director/Chief Executive Officer, Financial Derivatives Company Limited, Mr Bismark Rewane, said the country’s GDP growth had been hovering below the population growth in the past few years.
He told one of our correspondents in a telephone interview that the country “is not prepared for another recession.”
Rewane said, “The challenge is: how do we get the economic growth to exceed the population growth? The economy has been growing below the population for the past five years, and Nigerians have become poorer.
“It is a wake-up call, and not a panic button. If we do nothing, we are bound to fail. If the economy continually grows sub-optimally, then the World Bank’s forecast will come to pass. But if we reform the economy – do the right thing – there is a chance that we will succeed.”
He added that the consequence of a failed economy was not a pleasant thing.
Professor of economics at Olabisi Onabanjo University, Ago Iwoye, Ogun State, Sheriffdeen Tella, said the industrial sector was not growing and the government had failed to properly fund education.
Tella said that the two sectors were critical to providing employment and developing the human capital of the nation.
He added that since these two sectors had not been properly funded, the World Bank forecast might come to pass.
“Government should have a long-term plan of 20 years to 30 years, stating where the nation should be,” he said.
Head of Social Action, Abuja, Vivien Bellonwu-Okafor, told one of our correspondents that the forecast was not rocket science but obvious.
She said, “The GDP growth being below population growth and with feeble investment in infrastructure, the World Bank’s projection is obviously bound to happen.
“For the country to escape this gloomy projection, it needs consistent investment in education – a minimum of 26 per cent of annual budgets.”
The nation must also apply itself to assiduously working to achieve consistent GDP growth, she added.